English Nederlands
Logbook of the Low Countries
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'I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a King and of a King of England too'
Queen Elizabeth I to her troops

1588-1648 Reign of Christian IV, King of Denmark-Norway for 59 years; initiates many reforms and projects

United Provinces / Spanish Netherlands

1588-1795 Republic of the Seven United Provinces of The Netherlands; confederation of sovereign provinces forms the first modern democracy since the former Greek democracy 1589 Regent Farnese recalled; separation of the Low Countries completed


1589-1610 Reign of King Henry IV of France, after conversion to the Roman Catholic faith

'Paris vaut bien une messe'
'Paris is worth a mass', Henry IV

1590 'Peat-boat of Breda' City of Breda (N. Bra.) recaptured by means of a trick by the United Provinces' Army


1591 William Shakespeare, English playwright and poet, writes his famous play Romeo and Juliet

1592 Jan Huygen van Linschoten, Dutch explorer, returns from the East and publishes Itinerario, containing the secret Portuguese sea route to India


1592 Spain sells its rights to the Spice Islands (Maluku, Indon.) to Portugal